This European University Institute analysis is divided into five sections. First, it provides some background information on the explanatory factors and the principal features of Algeria’s descent into extreme violence. Second, it presents the main initiatives for stopping violence and for achieving peace. Among them, there is the Civil Concord Law and the Charter for Peace and National Reconciliation. These are analysed in, respectively, the third and fourth sections. Finally, it highlights the complementary role played by grassroots organizations to enhance reconciliation and to implement societal tolerance. The paper ends with some conclusions and lessons from the Algerian experience that might prove useful to Libya.
EUI analysis: National reconciliation and peacebuilding in Algeria - Lessons for Libya?